These numbers are based on 57.

Dogs whom all have been examined before or at 8 weeks of age

This  is based on 74%  of the dogs from Kråkeslottets

which have been x-rayed and are over the age 1. 
Totally 40 dogs

These numbers are based on 45 % (24 dogs) over the age 1 year from

Kråkeslottets that have examind their elbows.

Linda Andorsen & Jon Roger Pettersen,  Luleå , Sweden

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